The salaries of civil servants in Cyprus and the EU


X-rays of civil servants in Europe show that there are many inequalities, with the privileged and the low paid in relation to purchasing power.

In fourteen countries the salaries are at the low level of € 500- € 1,500, while the European average is € 2,321 and the eurozone € 2,750. Cyprus with € 2,656 as the average monthly salary of civil servants is in the group of countries with privileged civil servants. A survey conducted by the Social Multicenter of ADEDY shows what the fees are and the comparison with the purchasing power.  

“F” shows the average monthly salary of European civil servants in relation to purchasing power. The lowest paid are the civil servants of Bulgaria with a salary of € 550, of Romania with € 700, of Croatia with € 874, of Lithuania with € 946, of Slovenia with € 1,000, of Slovakia with € 1,153, of Greece with € 1,065, Poland with € 1,181, the Czech Republic with € 1,220, Estonia with € 1,364, Malta with € 1,582. But there are also more privileged civil servants, with higher average salaries each month, according to the report. The average monthly salary of a civil servant in Denmark is € 5,741, in Sweden it is € 5,361, in Finland and Norway € 5,000, in Luxembourg € 4,500, in Germany € 4,464, in Italy € 4,400, in Ireland € 3,988, in France € 3,236 , in the United Kingdom € 3,159, in Cyprus € 2,656, in Spain € 2.

The countries are grouped into three groups, based on the report. In the first, a sufficient number of countries are concentrated in the salary range of € 500- € 1,500 and in consumer goods index prices from 40-80. Greece, Malta, Lithuania, Portugal, Latvia and Bulgaria belong to this group. This group corresponds to low levels of earnings but also to low to moderate levels of consumer product accuracy.

The next group consists of 9 cases of countries, which show increased salaries and prices of consumer products. This group includes Cyprus as well as Austria, Belgium, Spain, France, the Netherlands. Finally, a third group includes the countries with the highest salaries and the highest price index. This category includes Finland, Denmark, Sweden, Luxembourg, Ireland, Italy.

According to the survey, the cost of housing and benefits per year in Cyprus is € 8,529 and the annual cost of health and education per capita is € 3,449 and the average salary of a civil servant is € 2,656. In Belgium, where the average monthly salary of a civil servant is € 2,700, close to the level of Cyprus, the costs for housing and benefits per year are € 10,366 and for health and education € 2,936. In Spain the average monthly salary is € 2,380 and the annual expenses for housing € 9,667 and for health and education € 2,112.

As the size of GDP and the amount of public wages between Bulgaria and Denmark is huge since one pays 550 euros and the other € 5,741 it is obvious that the cost of living plays a key role in the equation.

What is the salary – goal

Another interesting element of the study conducted by ADEDY is the required change in earnings in order to achieve the optimal value of the index for each country. For Greece it is estimated that the salary from € 1,065 should increase by 160% and reach € 2,766 if the cost of living does not change. For Cyprus, it is estimated that the salaries of civil servants will increase by 34.9% and reach € 3,584. In Belgium the increase is estimated at 86.6% and the target price for earnings is € 5,037. In Italy the increase is estimated at 33% to achieve an excellent value of the index with the target price of the civil servant being € 5,851. In Luxembourg the increase is estimated at 115% to reach the average salary of € 9,677, in Portugal the increase is estimated at 165.3% for a target monthly salary of € 2,653. In Bulgaria, in the Czech Republic,

Permanence relaxed and strict

The concept of public service tenure is not always as strict in all European countries. The right to permanence, for example, is not guaranteed in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Finland and Denmark. It is characteristic that in four countries (Denmark, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom), there is a possibility of dismissal of civil servants, because their performance is poor or simply insufficient). Of course, in practice the protection of these employees is greater than that of employees in the private sector. In many countries the dismissal of a civil servant is done only for a disciplinary offense (Germany, Portugal, Spain, etc.), while in most there is the possibility of dismissal for performance reasons. This possibility is essential and is applied in some countries (e.g. The Netherlands), even in others, is only a theoretical possibility that is rarely applied in practice. There are also disputes over the possibility of dismissal for financial and organic reasons. Such a case is excluded in some countries (Greece, Malta, Cyprus, Spain, Germany), while in others it is clearly provided for (Netherlands, Denmark, Hungary, Finland, etc.).

In Austria, for example, all public sector employees go through a probationary period of up to 6 years. Only then, and of course not all, acquire the status of permanence. In France, fixed-term contracts, usually five-year, are gaining more and more weight and application. The purpose of this regulation is the temporary recruitment of capable employees with a special increased salary to cover specific needs.